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 Bluerock Residential Growth REIT Announces Fourth Quarter 2016 Results
   Thursday, February 16, 2017 8:30:00 AM ET

Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc. (NYSE MKT: BRG) ("the Company") announced today its financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2016.

Highlights

-- Total revenues grew 70% to $22.4 million for the quarter from $13.2 million for the prior year quarter primarily as a result of significant investment activity in the past year.

-- Net loss attributable to common stockholders for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $7.3 million, or $(0.34) per share, as compared to a net loss of $1.5 million, or $(0.07) per share, in the prior year period. Net loss attributable to common stockholders included non-cash expenses of $10.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2016 vs. $6.7 million for the prior year period.

-- Adjusted funds from operations attributable to common stockholders ("AFFO") was $3.7 million for the quarter compared to $4.3 million for the prior year quarter.

-- AFFO per diluted share is $0.18 for the fourth quarter of 2016 as compared to $0.21 for the fourth quarter of 2015, and exceeded guidance of $0.05 - $0.07.

-- Pro forma AFFO per share of $0.41 for the fourth quarter exceeded pro forma guidance of $0.31 to $0.33 per share.

-- The Company paid the full amount of the fourth quarter’s management fee of $2.0 million in LTIP Units in lieu of cash payment. This favorably impacted both AFFO per share and pro forma AFFO per share by $0.09.

-- Property Net Operating Income (NOI) grew 69% to $14.0 million for the quarter, from $8.3 million in the prior year quarter.

-- Property NOI margins were 62.7% of revenue for the quarter, consistent with 62.7% of revenue in the prior year quarter.

-- Same store NOI increased 6.1% for the quarter, as compared to the prior year quarter.

-- Consolidated real estate investments, at cost, increased 80% to $1.0 billion at December 31, 2016 from $557 million at December 31, 2015.

-- The Company invested in five operating properties totaling 1,694 units for a total purchase price of approximately $270 million and two properties for the development of 399 units during the fourth quarter.

-- The Company declared monthly dividends for the first quarter of 2017 equal to a quarterly rate of $0.29 per share on the Company’s Class A common stock. This equates to an 8.5% annualized yield based on the closing price of $13.72 for the Class A common stock as of December 31, 2016.

-- The Company sold 12,655 shares of Series B preferred stock with associated warrants at a public offering price of $1,000 per unit, for gross proceeds of approximately $12.7 million during the fourth quarter, an increase of 82% over the third quarter.

-- On October 13, 2016, the Company completed an underwritten offering of 2.85 million shares of 7.125% Series D perpetual preferred stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share for gross proceeds of $71.3 million, including the underwriters’ overallotment option, which closed on November 3, 2016.

-- On January 17, 2017, the Company completed an underwritten offering of 4.6 million shares of Class A common stock at a public offering price of $13.15 per share for gross proceeds of $60.5 million, including the underwriters’ overallotment option, which closed on January 24, 2016.

Management Commentary

"We are pleased to report record acquisition volume of five operating properties totaling 1,700 units for approximately $270 million, a Series D preferred stock capital raise with gross proceeds of approximately $71 million and our portfolio continued to perform well during the fourth quarter," said Ramin Kamfar, the Company’s Chairman and CEO. "We also raised approximately $60 million of common stock in January 2017, to provide capital to continue to build a high quality portfolio in our current footprint of growth markets in the Sunbelt, from the Carolinas to Florida and Texas."

Fourth Quarter Acquisition, Development and Disposition Activity

-- On October 13, 2016, the Company acquired a 90% interest in a 480-unit apartment community located in Atlanta, Georgia, known as Nevadan Apartments at a total purchase price of $68.3 million.

-- On October 31, 2016, the Company acquired an 85% interest in a 320-unit, garden-style apartment community in Port St. Lucie, Florida, now known as ARIUM Pine Lakes at a total purchase price of $38.3 million.

-- On November 10, 2016, the Company acquired a 92.5% interest in a 324-unit, garden-style apartment community located in Austin, Texas, now known as The Brodie at a total purchase price of approximately $48.9 million.

-- On December 19, 2016, the Company sold its interest in the EOS apartments at a total sale price of $52 million, recognized a gain of $3.8 million, with net proceeds of approximately $5.1 million to the Company, when combined with distributions to us during the investment period, represented an internal rate of return of approximately 31%.

-- On December 1, 2016, the Company acquired a 98% interest in a 320-unit apartment community in the Roswell submarket of Atlanta, Georgia, known as Roswell City Walk, at a total purchase price of approximately $76.0 million.

-- On December 12, 2016, the Company made a common equity investment of approximately $15.3 million in a 320-unit to-be-built Class A apartment community located in Atlanta, Georgia.

-- On December 15, 2016, the Company acquired a 90% interest in a 250-unit apartment community located in Austin, Texas, known as Legacy at Southpark at a total purchase price of approximately $36.8 million.

-- On December 20, 2016, the Company made a common equity investment of approximately $8.5 million in a 79-unit to-be-built Class A apartment community located in Roswell, Georgia.

-- On December 29, 2016, the Company was redeemed of its preferred equity interest in the West Morehead development, and in exchange obtained a 0.5% common equity interest and provided an approximately $21.3 million mezzanine loan for the development. Subsequent to December 31, 2016, the Company increased the mezzanine loan amount to approximately $24.6 million.

-- Subsequent to December 31, 2016, the Company was redeemed of the substantial majority of its common equity ownership interest in the APOK Townhomes development, and in exchange provided an approximately $11.2 million mezzanine loan for the development.

Pending Investments at December 31, 2016

-- The Company has an agreement to acquire a 91.9% interest in a 382-unit Class A apartment community located in Morrisville, North Carolina, which is part of the Raleigh-Durham Combined Statistical Area, known as the Preston View Apartments. The total purchase price is expected to be approximately $59.5 million.

-- The Company has an agreement to acquire a 91.9% interest in a 301-unit Class A apartment community located in the West Charlotte submarket of Charlotte, North Carolina, known as the Wesley Village. The total purchase price is expected to be approximately $57.7 million.

-- The Company has an agreement which entitles the Company to invest in a 266-unit to-be-built Class A apartment community located in Jacksonville, Florida. The investment of approximately $25.1 million is expected to be structured as a mezzanine loan with an option to purchase a majority indirect equity interest in the underlying property upon stabilization.

Fourth Quarter 2016 Financial Results

Net loss attributable to common stockholders for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $7.3 million, compared to a net loss of $1.5 million in the prior year period. The change in net loss was primarily driven by positive increases in property NOI of $5.8 million, income of unconsolidated real estate joint ventures of $0.8 million due to the increase in the size of the invest-to-own portfolio, and a gain on revaluation of equity of business combination of $3.8 million, offset by increases in general and administrative expense of $0.5 million, management fees of $0.9 million, acquisition costs of $0.3 million, depreciation and amortization expense of $3.0 million, interest expense of $2.4 million, and the preferred stock expense of $4.5 million.

AFFO for the fourth quarter of 2016 was $3.7 million, or $0.18 per diluted share, compared to $4.3 million, or $0.21 per share in the prior year period. AFFO was positively impacted by increases in property NOI of $5.8 million arising from significant investment activity and in income of unconsolidated real estate joint ventures of $0.8 million caused by expanding the size of the invest-to-own portfolio, offset by higher interest expense of $2.3 million and the expense of preferred stock dividends of $4.2 million.

Same Store Portfolio Performance

Same store NOI for the fourth quarter of 2016 increased by 6.1% from the same period in the prior year. There was a 5.7% increase in same store property revenues compared to the same prior year period, primarily attributable to a 4.0% increase in average rental rates, an 80 basis point increase in average occupancy and an additional 17 units acquired at our Lansbrook property and 15 additional units at Park & Kingston. Same store expenses increased 5.1% with increases in several operating expense categories and were driven by various factors.

Management Internalization

On November 7, 2016, the Company announced that it had begun the process of internalizing the management of the Company by forming a special committee of the board of directors comprised solely of the independent directors of the board to pursue the internalization, along with hiring other advisors. The Company is targeting internalizing the management of the Company at the beginning of the third quarter of 2017, though it provides no assurance as to the timing or completion of the internalization process.

Dividend Details

On January 6, 2017, our board of directors authorized, and we declared, monthly dividends for the first quarter of 2017 equal to a quarterly rate of $0.29 per share on our Class A common stock, payable to the stockholders of record as of January 25, 2017, which was paid in cash on February 3, 2017, and as of February 24, 2017 and March 24, 2017, which will be paid in cash on March 3, 2017 and April 5, 2017, respectively. Holders of OP and LTIP Units are entitled to receive "distribution equivalents" at the same time as dividends are paid to holders of our Class A common stock.

The declared dividends equal a monthly dividend on the Class A common stock as follows: $0.096666 per share for the dividend paid to stockholders of record as of January 25, 2017, $0.096667 per share for the dividend which will be paid to stockholders of record as of February 24, 2017, and March 24, 2017. A portion of each dividend may constitute a return of capital for tax purposes. There is no assurance that we will continue to declare dividends or at this rate.

On January 6, 2017, our board of directors authorized, and we declared, a monthly dividend of $5.00 per share of Series B preferred stock, payable to the stockholders of record as of January 25, 2017, which was paid in cash on February 3, 2017, and as of February 24, 2017, and March 24, 2017, which will be paid in cash on March 3, 2017 and April 5, 2017, respectively.

Q1 2017 Outlook

For the first quarter of 2017, the Company anticipates AFFO in the range of $0.03 to $0.04 per share, and $0.27 to $0.29 per share on a pro forma basis. For assumptions underlying earnings guidance, please see page 29 of Company’s Q4 2016 Earnings Supplement available under Investor Relations on the Company’s website (www.bluerockresidential.com). Pro forma AFFO is used for illustrative purposes only, is hypothetical and does not represent historical performance or management’s estimates or projections for future performance.

Conference Call

All interested parties can listen to the live conference call at 11:00 AM ET on Thursday, February 16, 2017 by dialing +1 (866) 843-0890 within the U.S., or +1 (412) 317-6597, and requesting the "Bluerock Residential Conference."

For those who are not available to listen to the live call, the conference call will be available for replay on the Company’s website two hours after the call concludes, and will remain available until March 16, 2017 at http://services.choruscall.com/links/brg170216.html, as well as by dialing +1 (877) 344-7529 in the U.S., or +1 (412) 317-0088 internationally, and requesting conference number 10100147.

The full text of this Earnings Release and additional Supplemental Information is available in the Investor Relations section on the Company’s website at http://www.bluerockresidential.com .

About Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc.

Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc. (NYSE MKT: BRG) is a real estate investment trust that focuses on acquiring a diversified portfolio of Class A institutional-quality apartment properties in demographically attractive growth markets to appeal to the renter by choice. The Company’s objective is to generate value through off-market/relationship-based transactions and, at the asset level, through improvements to operations and properties. BRG generally invests with strategic regional partners, including some of the best-regarded private owner-operators in the United States, making it possible to operate as a local sharpshooter in each of its markets while enhancing off-market sourcing capabilities. The Company is included in the Russell 2000 and Russell 3000 Indexes. BRG has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (REIT) for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

For more information, please visit the Company’s website at www.bluerockresidential.com.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are based upon the Company’s present expectations, but these statements are not guaranteed to occur. Furthermore, the Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, of new information, data or methods, future events or other changes. Investors should not place undue reliance upon forward-looking statements. For further discussion of the factors that could affect outcomes, please refer to the risk factors set forth in Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed by the Company with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 24, 2016, and subsequent filings by the Company with the SEC. We claim the safe harbor protection for forward looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Portfolio Summary
The following is a summary of our investments, operating properties and convertible preferred equity investments, as of December 31, 2016:
Operating Properties             Location                        Year Built/                     Ownership Interest              Units  Average                         % Occupied
                                                                 Renovated (1)                                                          Rent (2)
ARIUM at Palmer Ranch            Sarasota, FL                    2016                            95%                             320    $          1,168                96%
ARIUM Grandewood                 Orlando, FL                     2005                            95%                             306    1,226                           97%
ARIUM Gulfshore                  Naples, FL                      2016                            95%                             368    1,171                           96%
ARIUM Palms                      Orlando, FL                     2008                            95%                             252    1,222                           96%
ARIUM Pine Lakes                 Port St. Lucie, FL              2003                            85%                             320    1,075                           96%
ARIUM Westside                   Atlanta, GA                     2008                            90%                             336    1,451                           95%
Ashton Reserve                   Charlotte, NC                   2015                            100%                            473    1,041                           95%
Enders Place at Baldwin Park     Orlando, FL                     2003                            90%                             220    1,648                           95%
Fox Hill                         Austin, TX                      2010                            95%                             288    1,176                           98%
Lansbrook Village                Palm Harbor, FL                 2004                            90%                             619    1,258                           91%
Legacy at Southpark              Austin, TX                      2016                            90%                             250    1,265                           91%
MDA Apartments                   Chicago, IL                     2006                            35%                             190    2,283                           97%
Nevadan                          Atlanta, GA                     1990                            90%                             480    1,090                           93%
Park & Kingston                  Charlotte, NC                   2015                            96%                             168    1,183                           96%
Roswell City Walk                Roswell, GA                     2015                            98%                             320    1,438                           86%
Sorrel                           Frisco, TX                      2015                            95%                             352    1,300                           91%
Sovereign                        Fort Worth, TX                  2015                            95%                             322    1,306                           95%
The Brodie                       Austin, TX                      2001                            93%                             324    1,166                           93%
The Preserve at Henderson Beach  Destin, FL                      2009                            100%                            340    1,284                           93%
Village Green of Ann Arbor       Ann Arbor, MI                   2013                            49%                             520    1,216                           94%
Operating Properties Subtotal/Average                                                                                            6,768  $          1,267                94%
Convertible Preferred Equity/Mezzanine Loan Investments                                                                                 Pro Forma
                                                                                                                                        Average
                                                                                                                                        Rent (3)
Alexan CityCentre(4)             Houston, TX                     2017                                                            340    $          2,144                -
Alexan Southside Place (4)       Houston, TX                     2018                                                            270    2,012                           -
APOK Townhomes (4)               Boca Raton, FL                  2018                                                            90     2,549                           -
Crescent Perimeter (4)           Atlanta, GA                     2019                                                            320    1,749
Domain Phase 1 (4)               Garland, TX                     2019                                                            299    1,469                           -
Flagler Village (4)              Fort Lauderdale, FL             2020                                                            384    2,481                           -
Helios (4)                       Atlanta, GA                     2017                                                            285    1,486                           -
Lake Boone Trail (4)             Raleigh, NC                     2018                                                            245    1,271                           -
Vickers Village (4)              Roswell, GA                     2018                                                            79     3,176
West Morehead (4)                Charlotte, NC                   2019                                                            286    1,507                           -
Whetstone                        Durham, NC                      2015                                                            204    1,252                           90%
Convertible Preferred Equity/Mezzanine Loan Investments Subtotal/Average                                                         2,802  $          1,834
Operating Properties and Convertible Preferred Equity/Mezzanine Loan Investments Total/Average                                   9,570  $          1,446
(1) Represents date of last significant renovation or year built if there were no renovations.
(2)Represents the average monthly rent per occupied unit for all occupied units for the three months ended December 31, 2016.
(3)The Company holds a preferred equity investment with an option to convert into partial ownership of the underlying asset upon stabilization, except Flagler Village and APOK Townhomes, which are currently common ownership investments.  West Morehead is a mezzanine loan investment with an option to purchase indirect property interest upon maturity.  Average rent is pro forma based on underwriting.
(4) Property is currently in development.
Consolidated Statement of Operations
For the Three Months and Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited and dollars in thousands except for share and per share data)
                                                                             Three Months Ended              Year Ended
                                                                             December 31,                    December 31,
                                                                             2016            2015            2016             2015
Revenues                                                                     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)      (Unaudited)
Net rental income                                                            $      21,353   $      12,648   $      73,366    $      42,259
Other property revenues                                                             1,024           552             3,668            1,996
Interest income from related parties                                                17              -               17               -
Total revenues                                                                      22,394          13,200          77,051           44,255
Expenses
Property operating                                                                  8,351           4,927           29,870           17,851
General and administrative                                                          1,709           1,196           5,863            4,108
Management fees                                                                     2,015           1,133           6,510            4,185
Acquisition costs                                                                   2,444           2,100           4,590            3,508
Management internalization process                                                  63              -               63               -
Depreciation and amortization                                                       8,725           5,727           31,187           16,226
Total expenses                                                                      23,307          15,083          78,083           45,878
Operating loss                                                                      (913)           (1,883)         (1,032)          (1,623)
Other income (expense)
Other income                                                                        -               -               26               62
Preferred returns and equity in income of unconsolidated real estate joint          3,015           2,199           11,632           6,590
ventures
Equity in gain on sale of unconsolidated real estate joint venture interests        -               -               -                11,303
Gain on sale of real estate investments                                             -               2,677           4,947            2,677
Gain on revaluation of equity of business combination                               3,761           -               3,761            -
Loss on early extinguishment of debt                                                -               -               (2,393)          -
Interest expense, net                                                               (5,824)         (3,391)         (19,915)         (11,366)
Total other income (expense)                                                        952             1,485           (1,942)          9,266
Net income (loss)                                                                   39              (398)           (2,974)          7,643
Preferred stock dividends                                                           (5,373)         (1,153)         (13,763)         (1,153)
Preferred stock accretion                                                           (324)           -               (893)            -
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests
Operating partnership units                                                         (102)           (21)            (276)            35
Partially-owned properties                                                          1,704           (7)             1,631            5,820
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests                          1,602           (28)            1,355            5,855
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders                        $      (7,260)  $      (1,523)  $      (18,985)  $      635
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Fourth Quarter 2016
(Unaudited and dollars in thousands except for share and per share amounts)
                                                                                                                                           December 31,                 December 31,
                                                                                                                                           2016                         2015
                                                                                                                                           (Unaudited)
ASSETS
Net Real Estate Investments
                             Land                                                                                                          $                   142,274  $                     65,057
                             Building and improvements                                                                                     848,445                      474,608
                             Furniture, fixtures and equipment                                                                             27,617                       17,155
                             Construction in progress                                                                                      10,878                       -
Total Gross Real Estate Investments                                                                                                        1,029,214                    556,820
                             Accumulated depreciation                                                                                      (42,137)                     (23,437)
Total Net Real Estate Investments                                                                                                          987,077                      533,383
                             Cash and cash equivalents                                                                                     82,047                       68,960
                             Restricted cash                                                                                               45,402                       11,669
                             Notes and accrued interest receivable from related parties                                                    21,267                       -
                             Due from affiliates                                                                                           948                          861
                             Accounts receivable, prepaid and other assets                                                                 8,610                        6,742
                             Preferred equity investments and investments in unconsolidated real estate joint ventures                     91,132                       75,223
                             In-place lease intangible assets, net                                                                         4,839                        2,389
Total Assets                                                                                                                               $                1,241,322   $                   699,227
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND EQUITY
                             Mortgages payable                                                                                             $                   710,575  $                   380,102
                             Accounts payable                                                                                              1,669                        587
                             Other accrued liabilities                                                                                     13,431                       7,013
                             Due to affiliates                                                                                             2,409                        1,485
                             Distributions payable                                                                                         7,328                        3,163
Total Liabilities                                                                                                                          735,412                      392,350
                             8.250% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share,
                             10,875,000 and 2,875,000 shares authorized; and 5,721,460 and 2,875,000 issued and outstanding, as of
                             December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively                                                                      138,316                      69,165
                             Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $1,000 per share, 150,000 and 150,000 shares
                             authorized, 21,482 and none issued and outstanding, as of December 31, 2016 and 2015,
                             respectively                                                                                                  18,938                       -
                             7.625% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share,
                             4,000,000 and no shares authorized; and 2,323,750 and none issued and outstanding as of
                             December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively                                                                      56,095                       -
Stockholders’ Equity
                             Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 230,975,000 and 246,975,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding  -                            -
                             as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively
                             7.1250% Series D Cumulative Preferred Stock, liquidation preference $25.00 per share,
                             4,000,000 and no shares authorized; and 2,850,602 and none issued and outstanding as of                       68,760                       -
                             December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively
                             Common stock - Class A, $0.01 par value, 747,586,185 shares authorized; 19,567,506 and 19,202,112
                             shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively                                  196                          192
                             Common stock - Class B-3, $0.01 par value, 804,605 shares authorized; none and 353,629 shares
                             issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively                                         -                            4
                             Additional paid-in-capital                                                                                    257,403                      248,484
                             Distributions in excess of cumulative earnings                                                                (84,631)                     (41,496)
Total Stockholders’ Equity                                                                                                                 241,728                      207,184
Noncontrolling Interests
                             Operating partnership units                                                                                   2,216                        2,908
                             Partially owned properties                                                                                    48,617                       27,620
Total Noncontrolling Interests                                                                                                             50,833                       30,528
Total Equity                                                                                                                               292,561                      237,712
TOTAL LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND EQUITY                                                                                   $                1,241,322   $                   699,227

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The foregoing supplemental financial data includes certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe are helpful in understanding our business and performance, as further described below. Our definition and calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from those of other REITs, and may, therefore, not be comparable.

Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations

Funds from operations attributable to common stockholders ("FFO") is a non-GAAP financial measure that is widely recognized as a measure of REIT operating performance. We consider FFO to be an appropriate supplemental measure of our operating performance as it is based on a net income analysis of property portfolio performance that excludes non-cash items such as depreciation. The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight-line depreciation of buildings and improvements, which implies that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, presentations of operating results for a REIT, using historical accounting for depreciation, could be less informative. We define FFO, consistent with the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or ("NAREIT’s") definition, as net income, computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, plus impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures will be calculated to reflect FFO on the same basis.

In addition to FFO, we use adjusted funds from operations attributable to common stockholders ("AFFO"). AFFO is a computation made by analysts and investors to measure a real estate company’s operating performance by removing the effect of items that do not reflect ongoing property operations. To calculate AFFO, we further adjust FFO by adding back certain items that are not added to net income in NAREIT’s definition of FFO, such as acquisition expenses, equity based compensation expenses, and any other non-recurring or non-cash expenses, which are costs that do not relate to the operating performance of our properties, and subtracting recurring capital expenditures (and when calculating the quarterly incentive fee payable to our Manager only, we further adjust FFO to include any realized gains or losses on our real estate investments).

Our calculation of AFFO differs from the methodology used for calculating AFFO by certain other REITs and, accordingly, our AFFO may not be comparable to AFFO reported by other REITs. Our management utilizes FFO and AFFO as measures of our operating performance after adjustment for certain non-cash items, such as depreciation and amortization expenses, and acquisition expenses and pursuit costs that are required by GAAP to be expensed but may not necessarily be indicative of current operating performance and that may not accurately compare our operating performance between periods. Furthermore, although FFO, AFFO and other supplemental performance measures are defined in various ways throughout the REIT industry, we also believe that FFO and AFFO may provide us and our stockholders with an additional useful measure to compare our financial performance to certain other REITs. We also use AFFO for purposes of determining the quarterly incentive fee, if any, payable to our Manager.

Neither FFO nor AFFO is equivalent to net income, including net income attributable to common stockholders, or cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, FFO and AFFO do not represent amounts available for management’s discretionary use because of needed capital replacement or expansion, debt service obligations or other commitments or uncertainties. Neither FFO nor AFFO should be considered as an alternative to net income, including net income attributable to common stockholders, as an indicator of our operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

We have acquired interests in nine additional properties and four investments accounted for on the equity method of accounting and sold two properties subsequent to December 31, 2015. The results presented in the table below are not directly comparable and should not be considered an indication of our future operating performance.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Three Months Ended                  Year Ended
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          December 31,                        December 31,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2016                2015            2016              2015
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $       (7,260)     $     (1,523)   $     (18,985)    $          635
Common stockholders pro-rata share of:
Real estate depreciation and amortization(1)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7,527               4,728           26,963            12,369
Gain on sale of joint venture interests                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -                   -               -                 (5,320)
Gain on sale of real estate assets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (1,828)             (2,640)         (6,704)           (2,640)
FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   $       (1,561)     $          565  $         1,274   $       5,044
Common stockholders pro-rata share of:
Amortization of non-cash interest expense                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 171                 83              790               326
Acquisition and disposition costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2,130               2,008           4,123             3,375
Management internalization process expense                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                63                  -               63                -
Loss on early extinguishment of debt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -                   -               2,269             -
Normally recurring capital expenditures                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (252)               (147)           (907)             (660)
Preferred stock accretion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 320                 -               880               -
Non-cash equity compensation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,805               1,910           9,405             5,731
Non-cash tax abatement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    85                  -               85                -
Non-recurring income                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (23)                (121)           (254)             (410)
AFFO Attributable to Common Stockholders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $         3,738     $       4,298   $       17,728    $     13,406
Weighted average common shares outstanding-diluted                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21,102,894          20,447,381      20,810,134        17,417,198
PER SHARE INFORMATION:
FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders - diluted                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         $         (0.07)    $         0.03  $           0.06  $         0.29
AFFO Attributable to Common Stockholders - diluted                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        $           0.18    $         0.21  $           0.85  $         0.77
Pro forma AFFO Attributable to Common Stockholders - diluted(2)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $           0.41    N/A             N/A               N/A
(1) The real estate depreciation and amortization amount includes our share of consolidated real estate-related depreciation and amortization of intangibles, less amounts attributable to noncontrolling interests, and our similar estimated share of unconsolidated depreciation and amortization, which is included in earnings of our unconsolidated real estate joint venture investments.
(2)Pro forma AFFO for the three months ended December 31, 2016 assumes the investment of the $209 million in estimated available cash had occurred on October 1, 2016: (i) additional investment of approximately $2 million in the Lake Boone preferred equity investment, (ii) additional investment of approximately $18 million in West Morehead and amending the investment to a mezzanine loan structure; (iii) investment of approximately $24 million in a mezzanine loan structure in connection with a joint venture, which entitles us to invest in Jacksonville MSA; (iv) additional investment of approximately $19 million in Domain and amending the investment to a mezzanine loan structure;  (v) investment of approximately $11 million in a mezzanine loan structure in connection with a joint venture, which entitles us to invest Boca Raton MSA;  (vi) investment of approximately $24 million in Nevadan Apartments in Georgia which closed on October 13, 2016; (vii) investment of approximately $16 million in a Class B+ asset the Company has under agreement in Austin, Texas; (viii) investment of approximately $11 million in APEX Apartments in Port St. Lucie, Florida which closed on October 31, 2016; (ix) investment of approximately $26 million in a Class A asset the Company has under agreement in Georgia; (x) investment of approximately $11 million in a Class A asset the Company has under agreement in Austin, Texas; (xi) investment of approximately $20 million in mezzanine loan structure in a development asset in the Atlanta, Georgia; (xii) investment of approximately $11 million in mezzanine loan structure in a development asset in the Atlanta, Georgia. Proforma guidance also assumes that $16 million is invested in stabilized properties at a nominal 5.75% cap rate with interest expense at a rate of 3.75%. The pro forma guidance is being presented solely for purposes of illustrating the potential impact of these pipeline transactions, as well as future investments to be made with funds we have available for investment, as if they had occurred at October 1, 2016, based on information currently available to management and assumptions management has made with respect to our future pipeline. The Company is providing no assurances that any of the above transactions are probable, or that they will close or that management will identify or acquire investments consistent with our pipeline assumptions, and the failure to do so would significantly impact proforma guidance. The actual timing of these investments, if and when made, will vary materially from the assumed timing reflected in the proforma guidance, and actual quarterly results will differ significantly from the proforma guidance shown above. Investors should not rely on pro forma guidance as a forecast of the actual performance of the Company.

Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("EBITDA")

EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, calculated on a consolidated basis. We consider EBITDA to be an appropriate supplemental measure of our performance because it eliminates depreciation, income taxes, interest and non-recurring items, which permits investors to view income from operations unobscured by non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization, the cost of debt or non-recurring items. Below is a reconciliation of net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders to EBITDA (unaudited and dollars in thousands).

                                                                             Three Months Ended                           Year Ended
                                                                             December 31,                                 December 31,
                                                                             2016                     2015                2016               2015
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders                        $               (7,260)  $          (1,523)  $        (18,985)  $              635
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest                    1,602                    (28)                1,355              5,855
Interest expense                                                             5,824                    3,391               19,915             11,366
Depreciation and amortization                                                8,725                    5,727               31,187             16,226
Acquisition costs                                                            2,444                    2,100               4,590              3,508
Management internalization process expense                                   63                       -                   63                 -
Preferred stock accretion                                                    324                      -                   893                -
Non-cash equity compensation                                                 2,844                    1,937               9,543              5,812
Non-cash tax abatement                                                       96                       -                   96                 -
Non-recurring income                                                         (24)                     -                   (258)              -
Equity in gain on sale of unconsolidated real estate joint venture interests -                        -                   -                  (11,303)
Gain on sale of real estate investments                                      -                        (2,677)             (4,947)            (2,677)
Gain on revaluation of equity on business combination                        (3,761)                  -                   (3,761)            -
Loss on early extinguishment of debt                                         -                        -                   (2,393)            -
EBITDA                                                                       $               10,877   $           8,927   $         37,298   $         29,422

Recurring Capital Expenditures

We define recurring capital expenditures as expenditures that are incurred at every property and exclude development, investment, revenue enhancing and non-recurring capital expenditures.

Non-Recurring Capital Expenditures

We define non-recurring capital expenditures as expenditures for significant projects that upgrade units or common areas and projects that are revenue enhancing.

Same Store Properties

Same store properties are conventional multifamily residential apartments which were owned and operational for the entire periods presented, including each comparative period.

Property Net Operating Income ("Property NOI")

We believe that net operating income, or NOI, is a useful measure of our operating performance. We define NOI as total property revenues less total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization and interest. Other REITs may use different methodologies for calculating NOI, and accordingly, our NOI may not be comparable to other REITs. We believe that this measure provides an operating perspective not immediately apparent from GAAP operating income or net income. We use NOI to evaluate our performance on a same store and non-same store basis because NOI measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance and captures trends in rental housing and property operating expenses. However, NOI should only be used as an alternative measure of our financial performance.

The following table reflects same store and non-same store contributions to consolidated NOI together with a reconciliation of NOI to net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders as computed in accordance with GAAP for the periods presented (unaudited and amounts in thousands):

                                                                                                Three Months Ended(1)                                                      Year Ended (2)
                                                                                                December 31,                                                               December 31,
                                                                                                2016                                 2015                                  2016                                 2015
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders                                           $      (7,260)                       $     (1,523)                         $ (18,985)                           $        635
Add pro-rata share:
                                     Depreciation and amortization                              7,527                                4,728                                 26,963                               12,369
                                     Amortization of non-cash interest expense                  171                                  83                                    790                                  326
                                     Management fees                                            1,987                                1,144                                 6,417                                4,154
                                     Acquisition and disposition costs                          2,130                                2,008                                 4,123                                3,375
                                     Loss on early extinguishment of debt                       -                                    -                                     2,269                                -
                                     Corporate operating expenses                               1,680                                1,166                                 5,779                                4,050
                                     Management internalization process expense                 63                                   -                                     63                                   -
                                     Preferred dividends                                        5,298                                1,153                                 13,567                               1,153
                                     Preferred stock accretion                                  320                                  -                                     880                                  -
Less pro-rata share:
                                     Other income                                               -                                    1                                     26                                   93
                                     Preferred returns and equity in income of unconsolidated   2,973                                2,276                                 11,464                               6,605
                                     real estate joint ventures
                                     Interest income from related parties                       17                                   -                                     17                                   -
                                     (Loss) gain on sale of joint venture interest, net of fees -                                    -                                     -                                    5,320
                                     Gain on sale of real estate assets                         1,828                                2,640                                 6,704                                2,640
Pro-rata share of properties’ income                                                            7,098                                3,842                                 23,655                               11,404
Add:
                                     Noncontrolling interest pro-rata share of property income  1,300                                965                                   4,500                                3,669
Total property income                                                                           8,398                                4,807                                 28,155                               15,073
Add:
                                     Interest expense                                           5,628                                3,448                                 19,009                               11,429
Net operating income                                                                            14,026                               8,255                                 47,164                               26,502
Less:
                                     Non-same store net operating income                        7,606                                2,206                                 28,311                               8,945
Same store net operating income                                                                 $        6,420                       $       6,049                         $  18,853                            $  17,557
(1)Same Store sales for the three months ended December 31, 2016 related to the following properties: Enders Place at Baldwin Park, MDA Apartments, Village Green of Ann Arbor, Lansbrook Village, ARIUM Grandewood, Fox Hill, Park & Kingston, and ARIUM Palms.
(2) Same Store sales for the year ended December 31, 2016 related to the following properties: Enders Place at Baldwin Park, MDA Apartments,Village Green of Ann Arbor, Lansbrook Village, and ARIUM Grandewood.

To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/bluerock-residential-growth-reit-announces-fourth-quarter-2016-results-300408762.html

SOURCE Bluerock Residential Growth REIT, Inc.

https://rt.prnewswire.com/rt.gif?NewsItemId=DE14137&Transmission_Id=201702160830PR_NEWS_USPR_____DE14137&DateId=20170216



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