HOUSTON, Feb. 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- McDermott International, Inc. (NYSE: MDR) today reported revenues of $2.1 billion and net loss of $(2.8) billion, or $(15.33) per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2018.
"Our results for the fourth quarter of 2018 were marked by several significant non-recurring charges, including those related to goodwill and deferred tax assets," said David Dickson, President and Chief Executive Officer. "Additionally, our operating performance was unfavorably impacted by a change in estimate on the Calpine gas turbine project, the previously announced change in estimate on the Cameron LNG project and a number of other discrete operating items as noted below. We also recorded an unfavorable change in estimate related to the claim associated with damages sustained from Hurricane Harvey on the Freeport LNG project as an adjustment to the purchase price allocation for the combination with CB&I.
"Although the headline numbers distract from the Company's underlying fundamental strength, McDermott is continuing to progress toward the realization of its full potential as a premier, fully integrated provider of technology, engineering and construction solutions," said Dickson.
"Having closed the book on 2018, we have many reasons for optimism about the Company's future. In particular, we are pleased today to introduce robust earnings guidance for 2019, with a sharp improvement in most of our key metrics, including an expectation for 2019 EBITDA of approximately $1 billion, which is broadly consistent with the expectations outlined at the time of the Combination with CB&I. The market outlook is exceptionally robust for McDermott, and elements of our playbook are generating substantial results. Customer confidence in McDermott is as strong as it has ever been, as demonstrated by robust order intake of approximately $5.5 billion early in the first quarter of 2019 – as well as the 16% sequential-quarter increase in our revenue opportunity pipeline in the fourth quarter of 2018, to approximately $93 billion – which is a record level for us. The LNG cycle is here and continuing, our planned sale of the pipe fabrication and storage tank businesses is progressing well, and our liquidity was $1.4 billion at the end of the fourth quarter."
McDermott's net loss for the fourth-quarter of 2018 was primarily the result of a number of significant non-recurring charges, including:
- A $2.2 billion goodwill impairment charge due in part to a change in the Company's cost of capital and risk premium assumptions included in the discount rates utilized to derive the present value of our cash flows.
- A $190 million reduction in the carrying value of the Company's deferred tax assets, due to the impact of a full valuation allowance against all net deferred tax assets as a result of the goodwill impairment creating a three-year cumulative loss position.
- A non-cash impairment charge of $58 million on two of the Company's marine vessels, primarily related to lower levels of planned future utilization.
- Annual fourth quarter, non-cash, actuarial mark-to-market adjustment of $47 million related to the Company's pension obligations.
- Transaction, restructuring and integration costs of $32 million.
Adjusting for these items, as shown in an accompanying table, McDermott's net loss for the fourth quarter was $(280) million, or $(1.55) per diluted share.
The Company's operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $(2.5) billion. The adjusted operating loss, as shown in an accompanying table, was $(241) million. The operating results include $339 million of discrete operating items, as listed below:
- A $168 million change in estimated costs on the Company's Cameron LNG project, as previously disclosed, due to unfavorable labor productivity, and subcontract, commissioning and construction management costs.
- A $31 million change in estimated costs on the Company's Calpine project.
- $54 million of expense on the Abkatun-A2 offshore project in Mexico, caused by a schedule-driven change in the fabrication plan carrying work offshore, subsequent weather delays and lack of contractually promised accommodations for offshore crew.
- $25 million of corporate expense reported as unallocated direct operating expense for costs incurred to make alternate arrangements for a third-party vessel charter because the previously designated vessel was withdrawn from the market.
- $33 million of increased SG&A expense associated with information technology costs, self-insurance programs and other items.
- $28 million of additional expense, due in part to an unplanned warranty repair, increased bid expenses and costs associated with commencement of new projects in APAC.
Separately, a $102 million change in estimate on the Freeport LNG project, due primarily to a reduction in the expected recoveries on a claim related to the impacts of Hurricane Harvey, did not impact the income statement, as the effects were reflected in purchase accounting adjustments.
For the full year 2018, the Company reported a net loss of $(2.7) billion, or $(17.94) per diluted share, due primarily to the factors that impacted fourth quarter results as described above. As detailed in an accompanying table, the adjusted net loss for 2018 was $(148) million, or $(0.99) per diluted share. Our business combination with Chicago Bridge & Iron Company N.V. (the "Combination") was completed on May 10, 2018. Accordingly, results for the full year include legacy McDermott from January 1 through May 10, 2018 and the combined McDermott-CB&I organization for the period from May 11, 2018 through December 31, 2018.
Update on Estimated Costs on Selected Projects
For the fourth quarter of 2018, McDermott recorded a total of $199 million of changes in estimates on the Cameron LNG and Calpine Gas Turbine Power projects. The changes directly impacted McDermott's income statement for the fourth quarter. Expected completion dates for the projects are unchanged.
- Cameron LNG Project – Operationally, the project continues to progress well and in line with the schedule presented in the third quarter of 2018. The gas turbine solo run was completed ahead of schedule, cold circulation of hot oil in Train 1 was completed during the fourth quarter and flare ignition testing was successfully completed on all flares. All of these events are crucial steps in the commissioning of Train 1, and we expect to achieve a major milestone with feed gas into the facility in the first quarter of 2019. As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2018, the project was 85% complete and had approximately $445 million of McDermott's portion of expected revenues remaining until expected completion. During the quarter, the project contributed $116 million to revenues and used $39 million of cash flows from operations. Phase 1 of the Cameron LNG project is scheduled for completion in Q2 2019; Trains 2 and 3 are expected to be completed in Q4 2019 and Q1 2020, respectively. The $168 million change in estimate resulted from unfavorable labor productivity and subcontract, commissioning and construction management costs.
- Calpine Gas Turbine Power Project – First fire was achieved in December 2018, the steam blows have been completed successfully and systems have been turned over to commissioning. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the project contributed $3 million to revenues and used $28 million of cash flows from operations. As of the end of the fourth quarter of 2018, the project was 95% complete, and substantial completion is expected in March 2019. The $31 million change in estimate resulted from increased labor construction costs associated with achieving first fire and substantial completion.
Separately, McDermott recorded a change in estimate of $102 million on the Freeport LNG project in the fourth quarter of 2018. The change in estimate related primarily to McDermott's view of a reduction in the assumed recovery of the claim and liquidated damages estimates that were filed with the customer relating to damages sustained as a result of Hurricane Harvey. That claim was outstanding at the time of the Combination and, as a result, the reduction in the claim has been recorded under the provisions of purchase accounting as a change in intangible assets. As such, the change in estimate did not directly impact McDermott's statements of operations. Expected completion dates for the project are unchanged.
Operationally, the project continues to perform well, with the completion of lube oil flushing of the propane compressors on Train 1 and beginning of the lube oil flushing on Train 2. As of December 31, 2018, Freeport LNG was approximately 88% complete and had approximately $411 million of McDermott's portion of expected revenues remaining until completion. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the project contributed $175 million to revenues and used $186 million of cash flows from operations. Trains 1, 2 and 3 are expected to be completed in Q3 2019, Q1 2020 and Q2 2020, respectively.
Cash and Liquidity
McDermott's cash from operating activities during the fourth quarter of 2018 was $(285) million, due largely to the continued funding of previously announced cost increases on the Cameron, Freeport and Calpine projects. Total cash availability was $1.4 billion at December 31, 2018, consisting of $520 million of unrestricted cash and $889 million of availability under McDermott's revolving credit facility. McDermott had $2.0 billion of combined availability under its principal letter of credit facilities, uncommitted bilateral credit facilities and surety arrangements. McDermott's cash and liquidity position reflects the receipt of proceeds from the fourth quarter 2018 private placement of $300 million of redeemable preferred stock and warrants to purchase common stock and reflects a $230 million increase in its primary letter-of-credit facilities. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants under its financing arrangements as of December 31, 2018.
Pipe and Tank Sale
The sale processes for each of the pipe fabrication and tank businesses is going well and as planned. The official sale process has launched for both businesses and there has been a high level of interest for both, and the Company expects proceeds in excess of $1 billion for the two businesses. The Company expects to use a majority of the proceeds for debt reduction. The sale of the pipe fabrication business is expected to close in Q2 2019 and the sale of the tank business is expected to close in Q3 2019.
Combination Profitability Initiative (CPI)
McDermott's integration is largely complete, with primarily IT systems updates remaining. CPI is nearing full implementation with $444 million of the targeted $475 million of annualized cost synergies actioned as of December 31, 2018. McDermott's operating results for the three months ended December 31, 2018 include approximately $62 million of such savings. The CPI target annualized run rate is expected to be fully actioned by the end of 2019. Associated costs of $29 million were recognized in the fourth quarter of 2018 and were $134 million, cumulatively for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Reporting Segment Update
McDermott's segment reporting is presented as: North, Central and South America, or NCSA; Europe, Africa, Russia and Caspian, or EARC; Middle East and North Africa, or MENA; Asia Pacific, or APAC; and Technology, or TECH. The Company also reports results for Corporate. Segment and Corporate results are summarized below.
North, Central and South America (NCSA)
Revenues of $1.3 billion in NCSA were primarily driven by the Cameron LNG, Freeport LNG, LACC and Total Ethane Cracker projects. Additional contributors were the MOX project, the Entergy power projects and the Shintech petrochemical project. The operating loss of $(1.7) billion during the quarter was unfavorably impacted by the $1.5 billion impairment charge, the $199 million in change in estimates on the Cameron and Calpine projects, $54 million of expense driven by weather downtime and related issues on the Abkatun-A2 project in Mexico and the timing of revenue recognition on several other projects. Excluding the impact of goodwill impairment of $1.5 billion, adjusted operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $(201) million.
Key operational achievements in the quarter included successfully achieving first fire on the Calpine project. Freeport LNG completed lube oil flushing of the propane compressors on Train 1 and began the lube oil flushing on Train 2. The gas turbine solo run was completed ahead of schedule on the Cameron LNG project. LACC continues to work towards achieving mechanical completion. Despite weather delays, the platform float over on Abkatun-2 was successfully achieved during the quarter. Engineering, procurement and construction are ahead of plan on the Montgomery Power Station, and the St. Charles Power Station achieved systems turn over.
Europe, Africa, Russia and Caspian (EARC)
Revenues of $120 million in EARC were primarily driven by progress on the offshore Total Tyra project and continuing activities on two downstream projects in Russia. The operating loss of $(49) million was impacted by the $40 million impairment charge and the impact of fixed costs. Excluding the impact of the impairment charge of $40 million, the adjusted operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $(10) million.
The Total Tyra project continued to progress on schedule with procurement activities continuing and with material deliveries to our Batam fabrication yard supporting the commencement of fabrication during the fourth quarter. Commencement of engineering and procurement activities on the Lukoil DCU project in Russia took place in the quarter. The segment is executing multiple FEEDs that have the potential to convert to full EPC/I awards, including BP Tortue, Anadarko LNG Mozambique, Rovuma LNG Mozambique and the GALP new reformer unit.
Middle East and North Africa (MENA)
Revenues of $417 million in MENA were primarily driven by procurement, fabrication and hook-up activity on several offshore projects and engineering and procurement activities on various onshore projects. Key offshore contributors were Saudi Aramco Safaniya Phases 5 and 6, LTA II, 13 Jackets and QP Bul Hanine. Key Onshore projects were the ADNOC Crude Flexibility project, Liwa petrochemical EPC lump sum and the DUQM storage tank project. Operating income was $72 million, with an operating income margin of 17.3%, primarily driven by activities on offshore projects.
During the fourth quarter, offshore work on Safaniya Phase 5 was completed with only a few close-out items remaining. Fabrication on the Safaniya Phase 6 project is proceeding as per schedule and dredging of the necessary channel is scheduled to start in the first quarter of 2019. Fabrication on the Bul Hanine project is underway in the Batam fabrication yard and the NKOM fabrication yard in Doha and is currently proceeding as per the project plan. All 13 Jackets on the Saudi Aramco 13 Jackets project have been installed, and all related offshore work has been completed. The ADNOC Crude Flexibility project is progressing well, and engineering, procurement and manufacturing activities on the critical equipment remain on schedule. The SASREF refinery upgrade project is progressing well, reaching over 95% completion on the engineering and procurement scopes.
Asia Pacific (APAC)
Revenues of $80 million in APAC were driven by continuing activities on the Reliance KG-D6 project and activities on the JG Summit storage tank project in the Philippines. The operating loss of $(69) million was impacted by the goodwill impairment of $52 million, reduced close-out opportunities, an unplanned warranty repair, increased bid expenses and costs associated with commencement of work on new projects. Excluding the impact of the goodwill impairment, the adjusted operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $(17) million.
Key operational achievements in the quarter included the commencement of engineering on the KG-DWN 98/2 SURF project and early procurement of critical items. The DLV 2000 and support vessels were mobilized on the Reliance KG-D6 project to commence the first pipelay campaign and installation activities. The Posco Daewoo Shwe project continues to progress well and the JG Summit Storage tank project continues to achieve good progress with a strong safety record in the Philippines.
Revenues of $137 million were primarily driven by licensing, heater and catalyst sales in the petrochemical and refining markets. The operating loss of $(564) million was due largely to the goodwill impairment of $591 million and intangibles amortization of $32 million. Excluding the impact of the goodwill impairment, adjusted operating income for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $27 million, representing an adjusted operating income margin of 19.7%. Adjusted operating income was positively impacted by strong execution progress, earned fees and process performance.
Highlights from the quarter include successful start-up of CDAlky (gasoline alkylate) projects in Korea and China and several new awards, including ethylene heaters for Irkutsk Oil and two petrochemical license contracts in China.
Corporate expenses include various corporate and other non-operating activities. Corporate expense in the fourth quarter of 2018 was $203 million, mainly attributable to selling, general, administrative and other expenses of $47 million; impairment of two marine vessels of $58 million due to lower levels of planned future utilization; $62 million of certain unallocated operating costs, including expenses related to unplanned vessel substitution; and $32 million of costs for restructuring, integration and transaction-related costs from the Combination.
Revenue Opportunity Pipeline
McDermott's revenue opportunity pipeline consists of Backlog, Bids & Change Orders Outstanding and Target Projects, which are those projects McDermott expects to be awarded in the market in the next five quarters. McDermott defines Backlog as Remaining Performance Obligations (RPOs) as determined in accordance with GAAP.
At the end of the fourth quarter of 2018, McDermott's revenue opportunity pipeline was approximately $93 billion, primarily driven by NCSA and MENA with anticipated market inflection in the offshore/subsea, downstream and LNG markets.
McDermott is introducing guidance for 2019, based on its current portfolio of businesses. The Company expects that its first quarter of 2019 is likely to be the softest quarter of the year and that operating performance in the second half of 2019 is likely to be stronger than the first half, reflecting the cumulative benefit of the execution of newly booked backlog, cost synergies under the Combination Profitability Initiative and an expected reduction in the negative cash flow associated with the three focus projects.
McDermott has scheduled a conference call and webcast related to its fourth quarter 2018 results at 7:30 a.m., U.S. Central time, today. Shareholders and other interested parties are invited to listen to the call by visiting www.mcdermott-investors.com or by calling 1-706-634-2259 (Conference ID: 5780117). A presentation of supplemental financial information will be available on McDermott's Investor Relations site at that time. A replay of the webcast will be available on McDermott's website for seven days after the call.
About the Company
McDermott is a premier, fully integrated provider of technology, engineering and construction solutions to the energy industry. For more than a century, customers have trusted McDermott to design and build end-to-end infrastructure and technology solutions to transport and transform oil and gas into the products the world needs today. Our proprietary technologies, integrated expertise and comprehensive solutions deliver certainty, innovation and added value to energy projects around the world. Customers rely on McDermott to deliver certainty to the most complex projects, from concept to commissioning. It is called the "One McDermott Way." Operating in over 54 countries, McDermott's locally focused and globally integrated resources include approximately 32,000 employees and engineers, a diversified fleet of specialty marine construction vessels and fabrication facilities around the world. To learn more, visit www.mcdermott.com .
This communication includes several "non-GAAP" financial measures as defined under Regulation G of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We report our financial results in accordance with GAAP but believe that certain non-GAAP financial measures provide useful supplemental information to investors regarding the underlying business trends and performance of our ongoing operations and are useful for period-over-period comparisons of those operations. The forecast non-GAAP measures we have presented in this communication include forecast EBITDA, adjusted operating income, adjusted operating income margin, adjusted net income, adjusted diluted EPS, free cash flow and adjusted EBITDA. We believe these forward-looking financial measures are within reasonable measure.
Non-GAAP measures include adjusted operating income, adjusted operating income margin, adjusted net income, adjusted diluted EPS, free cash flow, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, in each case excluding the impacts of certain identified items. The excluded items represent items that our management does not consider to be representative of our normal operations. We believe that these metrics are useful for investors to review, because they provide more consistent measures of the underlying financial results of our ongoing business and, in our management's view, allow for a supplemental comparison against historical results and expectations for future performance. Furthermore, our management uses each of these metrics as measures of the performance of our operations for budgeting and forecasting, as well as employee incentive compensation. However, Non-GAAP measures should not be considered as substitutes for operating income, net income or other data prepared and reported in accordance with GAAP and should be viewed in addition to our reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP.
We define free cash flow as cash flows from operations less capital expenditures. We believe investors consider free cash flow as an important measure, because it generally represents funds available to pursue opportunities that may enhance stockholder value, such as making acquisitions or other investments. Our management uses free cash flow for that reason. We define EBITDA as net income plus depreciation and amortization, interest expense, net, and provision for income taxes. We define adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA adjusted to exclude significant, non-recurring transactions to our operating income, both gains and charges. We have included EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA disclosures in this communication because EBITDA is widely used by investors for valuation and comparing our financial performance with the performance of other companies in our industry. Our management also uses EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to monitor and compare the financial performance of our operations. EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA do not give effect to the cash that we must use to service our debt or pay our income taxes, and thus do not reflect the funds actually available for capital expenditures, dividends or various other purposes. Our presentations of free cash flow, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures in other companies' reports. You should not consider free cash flow, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA in isolation from, or as substitutes for, net income or cash flow measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures and forecast non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP measures are provided in the tables included in this communication.
In accordance with the Safe Harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, McDermott cautions that statements in this communication which are forward-looking, and provide other than historical information, involve risks, contingencies and uncertainties that may impact actual results of operations of McDermott. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements about 2019 guidance, project milestones and percentage of completion and expected timetables, cost estimates on identified projects, cost recoveries and schedule-based incentives on projects, assessments and beliefs with respect to legacy CB&I projects (including the three Focus projects), the market outlook, backlog, bids and change orders outstanding, target projects and revenue opportunity pipeline, to the extent these may be viewed as indicators of future revenues or profitability, the potential for FEEDs to convert to full EPCI awards, the contemplated sale of the U.S. pipe fabrication and tank storage businesses and the anticipated timing and total proceeds, and the use of proceeds, from those transactions, targeted savings from cost synergies and the other expected impacts of the CPI, including anticipated CPI implementation costs, the expected timing for completion of the CPI, the Company's potential and our beliefs with respect to the combination with CB&I. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in those forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that those expectations will prove to have been correct. Those statements are made by using various underlying assumptions and are subject to numerous risks, contingencies and uncertainties, including, among others: the possibility that the expected CPI savings will not be realized, or will not be realized within the expected time period; adverse changes in the markets in which McDermott operates or credit markets; the inability of McDermott to execute on contracts in backlog successfully; changes in project design or schedules; the availability of qualified personnel; changes in the terms, scope or timing of contracts; contract cancellations; change orders and other modifications and actions by customers and other business counterparties of McDermott; changes in industry norms; and adverse outcomes in legal or other dispute resolution proceedings. If one or more of these risks materialize, or if underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. For a more complete discussion of these and other risk factors, please see each of McDermott's annual and quarterly filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including McDermott's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. This communication reflects the views of McDermott's management as of the date hereof. Except to the extent required by applicable law, McDermott undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement.
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McDermott reports its financial results in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). This press release also includes several Non-GAAP financial measures as defined under the SEC's Regulation G. The following tables reconcile certain Non-GAAP financial measures used in this press release to comparable GAAP financial measures. Additional reconciliations are provided in the accompanying tables.
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