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 Rambus Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2017 Financial Results
   Monday, January 29, 2018 4:11:00 PM ET

--Fourth quarter GAAP diluted net loss per share of $0.29; fourth quarter non-GAAP diluted net income per share of $0.19

--Annual royalty revenue of $289.6 million and licensing billings of $289.6 million; fourth quarter royalty revenue of $77.9 million and licensing billings of $76.6 million

--CryptoManager IoT Security Service selected by Cybertrust Japan, a subsidiary of Softbank Technology Corp

--Launched GDDR6 PHY to deliver comprehensive solution with Micron, Northwest Logic and Avery Design for AI, Automotive and Networking

Rambus Inc. (RMBS ) today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2017. Total revenue for the quarter was $101.9 million, 4% higher than a year ago, with GAAP diluted net loss per share of $0.29 and non-GAAP diluted net income per share of $0.19. Total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $393.1 million, 17% higher than a year ago.

"Rambus has transitioned to focus on two key high-growth markets - the data center and the mobile edge - with a product roadmap that leverages our core competencies and key ingredient technologies to both differentiate and accelerate our position in complementary markets," said Dr. Ron Black, chief executive officer of Rambus. "Our progress throughout 2017, with strong execution on key product programs, positions us well to deliver growth in 2018."

Business Review

The Rambus Memory and Interface division augmented its suite of IP cores for the data center throughout the year with the announcements of 56G SerDes and High Bandwidth Memory Gen2 (HBM2) PHYs as part of our broad portfolio for data center and networking. In addition, the team announced the GDDR6 Memory PHY for Artificial Intelligence (AI), automotive and networking, with a comprehensive solution to be offered in conjunction with Micron, Northwest Logic and Avery Designs. Our chip product offering grew with the launch of the DDR4 non-volatile DIMM (NVDIMM) buffer chip and the industry’s first functional silicon of a server DIMM buffer chipset capable of achieving the speeds expected for next-generation DDR5.

Our Security division, which consists of our cryptography, mobile payments and smart ticketing businesses, extended its product and service portfolio with the launch of our Host Card Emulation (HCE) Ticket Wallet Service and white-label mobile application, the Unified Payment Platform, bringing bank-level security to retail "scan-and-go", and the CryptoManager IoT Security Service, protecting and monitoring IoT endpoints. We continue to gain commercial traction across our products and services with committed transport pilots and retail deployments, as well as Cybertrust Japan, a subsidiary of Softbank Technology Corp, selecting the CryptoManager IoT Security Service protect their Secure IoT Platform(R).

                                                                                                                                                      
Financial Review                                                                                                          GAAP                                                                                       Non-GAAP(1)
                                                                                 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------                            ---------------------------------------------------
(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)                                                  Three Months Ended December 31,                                                               Three Months Ended December 31,
                                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     ----------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                               2017                               2016                                          2017                2016
                                                                                 ---------------------------------                     ---------------------------------                     ----------------                     ---------------------
Revenue                                                                             $ 101.9                                               $  97.6                                               $ 101.9                                $   97.6
Total operating costs and expenses                                                  $  86.2                                               $  97.1                                               $  68.4                                $   67.5
Operating income                                                                    $  15.7                                               $   0.5                                               $  33.5                                $   30.1
Operating margin                                                                         15  %                               1  %                              33 %                                    31 %
Net income (loss)                                                                   $ (31.8 )                                             $  (3.4 )                                             $  21.2                                $   18.7
Diluted net income (loss) per share                                                 $ (0.29 )                                             $ (0.03 )                                             $  0.19                                $   0.16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Total cash and marketable securities                                                $ 329.4                                               $ 172.2                                               $ 329.4                                $  172.2
Total assets                                                                        $ 884.6                                               $ 783.5                                               $ 884.6                                $  783.5
Total stockholders’ equity                               $ 564.9                                               $ 552.8                                               $ 564.9                                $  552.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Cashflows from operations                                                           $  59.8                                               $  33.3                                               $  59.8                                $   33.3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Financial Review                                                                                                          GAAP                                                                                       Non-GAAP(1)
                                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     ----------------------------------------------------------
(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)                                                      Year Ended December 31,                                                                       Year Ended December 31,
                                                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     ----------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                               2017                                                  2016                                          2017                                   2016
                                                                                 ---------------------------------                     ---------------------------------                     ----------------                     ---------------------
Revenue                                                                             $ 393.1                                               $ 336.6                                               $ 393.1                                $  336.6
Total operating costs and expenses                                                  $ 338.7                                               $ 303.0                                               $ 269.1                                $  227.8
Operating income                                                                    $  54.4                                               $  33.6                                               $ 124.0                                $  108.8
Operating margin                                                                         14  %                              10  %                              32 %                                    32 %
Net income (loss)                                                                   $ (18.5 )                                             $   6.8                                               $  77.5                                $   67.9
Diluted net income (loss) per share                                                 $ (0.17 )                                             $  0.06                                               $  0.68                                $   0.60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Cashflows from operations                                                           $ 117.4                                               $  92.5                                               $ 117.4                                $   92.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
      (1)   See "Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results" and
                                                                                        "Reconciliation of Other GAAP to Non-GAAP Items" tables included
                                                                                        below. Note that the applicable non-GAAP measures are presented and
                                                                                        that revenue, the balance sheet items and cashflows from operations
                                                                                        are solely presented on a GAAP basis.
                                                                                         
2017 Revenue and Licensing Billings                                                                                                                                                                                   
(In thousands)                                                                                                                                      Quarter ended                                                                                                                          Year ended
                                                         --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     --------------------------------
                                                                    December 31,                       September 30,                                           June 30,                          March 31,                                          December 31,
                                                                        2017                                                  2017                                                  2017                                                 2017                                                 2017
                                                         -------------------------------                        ------------------------------                        -----------------------------                        -----------------------------                        ------------------------------
Revenue
  Royalties                                                 $  77,861                                              $ 72,787                                             $ 69,990                                             $ 68,956                                                    $              289,594
  Product revenue                                               8,543                                                 8,661                                                8,401                                               10,904                                                                    36,509
  Contract and other revenue                                   15,487                             17,686                            16,329                            17,491                                                 66,993
                                                         ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------                      -------------------------------                      -------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total revenue                                           $ 101,891                                              $ 99,134                                             $ 94,720                                             $ 97,351                                                    $              393,096
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Licensing billings (1)                                      $  76,611                                              $ 71,537                                             $ 72,890                                             $ 68,556                                                    $              289,594
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
2016 Revenue and Licensing Billings                                                                                                                                                                                 
(In thousands)                                                                                                                                     Quarter ended                                                                                                                         Year ended
                                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     --------------------------------
                                                                   December 31,                       September 30,                                          June 30,                          March 31,                                          December 31,
                                                                       2016                                                  2016                                                 2016                                                 2016                                                 2016
                                                         ------------------------------                        ------------------------------                        ----------------------------                        -----------------------------                        ------------------------------
Revenue
  Royalties                                                 $ 70,604                                              $ 68,298                                            $ 62,835                                             $ 62,877                                                    $              264,614
  Product revenue                                             11,746                                                 7,092                                               3,902                                                3,312                                                                    26,052
  Contract and other revenue                                  15,209                             14,465                            9,764                             6,493                                                 45,931
                                                         --------------------------------                      --------------------------------                      ------------------------------                      -------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total revenue                                           $ 97,559                                              $ 89,855                                            $ 76,501                                             $ 72,682                                                    $              336,597
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Licensing billings (1)                                      $ 64,854                                              $ 71,548                                            $ 66,604                                             $ 61,683                                                    $              264,689
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
      (1)   Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts
                                                                                        invoiced to our patent and technology licensing customers during the
                                                                                        period.
                                                                                         

Revenue for the quarter was $101.9 million due to continued strength in our licensing program. As a result of our execution in both businesses, revenue for our Memory and Interface Division was up 8% year over year and revenue for our Security Division was up 3% year over year. We had GAAP operating income of $54.4 million for the year, an increase of 62% year over year. In the fourth quarter, we had GAAP net loss per share of $0.29, related primarily to a revaluation of our deferred tax assets in conjunction with U.S. tax legislation passed in December 2017. In the fourth quarter, we had non-GAAP net income per share of $0.19, at the mid-point of our expectations.

Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities as of December 31, 2017 were $329.4 million, an increase of $145.7 million from September 30, 2017, mainly due to the issuance of $172.5 million aggregate principal amount of the 2023 convertible notes during the quarter and cash generated from operating activities of approximately $59.8 million, offset by the $56.8 million paid to extinguish a portion of our existing 2018 convertible notes. Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $36.8 million.

2018 First Quarter Outlook

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606 ("ASC 606"), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition ("ASC 605"). The Company expects the adoption of ASC 606 to materially impact the timing of revenue recognition for its fixed-fee intellectual property licensing arrangements. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASC 606 to have a material impact on its other revenue streams, cashflow from operations, or the underlying financial position of the Company.

The Company has provided its first quarter outlook under both ASC 606 and ASC 605 in order to provide additional transparency. The Company believes that providing this additional disclosure in the short term will help our investors and analysts understand the impact of the change in revenue recognition standards, especially given the material difference expected in the timing of revenue recognition for our fixed-fee licensing arrangements as mentioned above. Note that the presentation under ASC 605 is not a substitute for the new ASC 606 revenue recognition standard under GAAP applicable for the first quarter of 2018.

Additionally, the guidance below under ASC 606 and ASC 605 excludes results from our lighting division. Given that the lighting division has been roughly breakeven for the Company, this exclusion does not impact the Company’s outlook on profitability, though it does reduce revenue outlook by roughly $4.0 million for the first quarter of 2018.

2018 First Quarter Outlook under ASC 606        
                                                              --------------------                      --------------------
(In millions, except per share amounts)                               GAAP                                  Non-GAAP (1)
                                                              --------------------                      --------------------
Revenue                                                             $41 - $47                                 $41 - $47
Total operating costs and expenses                                  $86 - $82                                 $67 - $63
Operating loss                                                      $45 - $35                                 $26 - $16
Diluted net loss per share                                        $0.34 - $0.27                             $0.19 - $0.12
                                                                                                         
      (1)   See "Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP
                                                                                        Forward Looking Estimates" tables included below. Note that the
                                                                                        applicable non-GAAP measures are presented and that revenue is
                                                                                        solely presented on a GAAP basis.
                                                                                         

For the first quarter of 2018, the Company expects revenue under ASC 606 to be between $41 million and $47 million. The Company expects royalty revenue to be between $21 million and $27 million, and roughly $20 million from product, contract and other revenue. Revenue is not without risk and achieving revenue in this range will require that the Company sign customer agreements for patent licensing, various product sales, mobile payments software and solutions licensing among other matters.

The Company also expects operating costs and expenses to be between $86 million and $82 million, and diluted net loss per share to be between $0.34 and $0.27. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $67 million and $63 million, and non-GAAP diluted net loss per share to be between $0.19 and $0.12. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income and expense of $2 million, tax rate of 24% (refer to non-GAAP financial information below - income tax adjustments) and diluted share count of 110 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($8 million), amortization expense ($11 million), and non-cash interest expense on convertible notes ($3 million).

2018 First Quarter Outlook under ASC 605        
                                                              --------------------                      --------------------
(In millions, except per share amounts)                               GAAP                                  Non-GAAP (1)
                                                              --------------------                      --------------------
Revenue                                                            $94 - $100                                $94 - $100
Total operating costs and expenses                                  $86 - $82                                 $67 - $63
Operating income                                                    $9 - $19                                  $27 - $37
Diluted net income per share                                      $0.03 - $0.09                             $0.17 - $0.23
                                                                                                         
      (1)   See "Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP
                                                                                        Forward Looking Estimates" tables included below. Note that the
                                                                                        applicable non-GAAP measures are presented and that revenue is
                                                                                        solely presented on a GAAP basis.
                                                                                         

For the first quarter of 2018, the Company expects revenue under ASC 605 to be between $94 million and $100 million. The Company expects royalty revenue to be between $74 million and $80 million, and roughly $20 million from product, contract and other revenue. Revenue is not without risk and achieving revenue in this range will require that the Company sign customer agreements for patent licensing, various product sales, mobile payments software and solutions licensing among other matters.

The Company also expects operating costs and expenses to be between $86 million and $82 million, and diluted net income per share to be between $0.03 and $0.09. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $67 million and $63 million, and non-GAAP diluted net income per share to be between $0.17 and $0.23. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income and expense of $2 million, tax rate of 24% (refer to non-GAAP financial information below - income tax adjustments) and diluted share count of 114 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($8 million), amortization expense ($11 million), and non-cash interest expense on convertible notes ($3 million).

Conference Call:

The Company will host a conference call at 2:00 p.m. PT today to discuss its financial results. The call, audio and slides will be available online at investor.rambus.com. A replay will be available following the call as a webcast on the Rambus Investor Relations website and for one week at the following numbers: (855) 859-2056 (domestic) or (404) 537-3406 (international) with ID#8596527.

(1) Non-GAAP Financial Information:

In the commentary set forth above and in the financial statements included in this earnings release, the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: operating costs and expenses, operating margin, operating income (loss), net income (loss), diluted net income (loss) per share and Adjusted EBITDA. In computing each of these non-GAAP financial measures, the following items were considered as discussed below: stock-based compensation expenses, acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense, amortization expenses, loss on extinguishment of debt, non-cash interest expense and certain other one-time adjustments. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by the Company should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. Management believes the non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate for both its own assessment of, and to show investors, how the Company’s performance compares to other periods. The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. Reconciliation from GAAP to non-GAAP results is included in the financial statements contained in this release.

The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items:

Stock-based compensation expense. These expenses primarily relate to employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and employee non-vested equity stock and non-vested stock units. The Company excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because such expenses are non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, given the fact that other companies may grant different amounts and types of equity awards and may use different option valuation assumptions, excluding stock-based compensation expense permits more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with peer companies.

Acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense. These expenses include all direct costs of certain acquisitions and the current periods’ portion of any retention bonus expense associated with the acquisitions. The Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods.

Purchase accounting adjustment for inventory fair value step-up. These adjustments are the result of accounting for certain business acquisitions and are excluded because such adjustments are non-recurring. Additionally, the Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods.

Amortization expense. The Company incurs expenses for the amortization of intangible assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company excludes these items because these expenses are not reflective of ongoing operating results in the period incurred. These amounts arise from the Company’s prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s core business.

Impairment of long-lived assets. These charges consist of non-cash charges to long-lived assets and are excluded because such charges are non-recurring and do not reduce the Company’s liquidity.

Change in contingent consideration. This change is due to a reduction of acquisition purchase consideration. This is a non-recurring benefit that has no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s business and no cash flow impact.

Loss on extinguishment of debt. The Company has excluded loss on extinguishment of debt as this represents a cost of refinancing its existing convertible notes and is not a reflection of the Company’s ongoing operations.

Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes. The Company incurs non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes. The Company excludes non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes to provide more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with other peer companies and to more accurately reflect the Company’s ongoing operations.

Income tax adjustments. For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 35 percent for both 2017 and 2016, and 24 percent for 2018 which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant years to assist the Company’s planning. The Company has provided below a reconciliation of its GAAP provision for income taxes and GAAP effective tax rate to the assumed non-GAAP provision for income taxes and non-GAAP effective tax rate.

On occasion in the future, there may be other items, such as significant gains or losses from contingencies that the Company may exclude in deriving its non-GAAP financial measures if it believes that doing so is consistent with the goal of providing useful information to investors and management.

About Rambus Inc.

Dedicated to making data faster and safer, Rambus creates innovative hardware, software and services that drive technology advancements from the data center to the mobile edge. Our architecture licenses, IP cores, chips, software, and services span memory and interfaces, security, and emerging technologies to positively impact the modern world. We collaborate with the industry, partnering with leading chip and system designers, foundries, and service providers. Integrated into tens of billions of devices and systems, our products power and secure diverse applications, including Big Data, Internet of Things (IoT) security, mobile payments, and smart ticketing. For more information, visit rambus.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 including those relating to Rambus’ expectations regarding our new product and service offerings, growth for 2018 and financial guidance for the first quarter of 2018, including revenue, operating costs and expenses, earnings per share and estimated, fixed, long-term projected tax rates, both on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis as appropriate. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, management’s beliefs and certain assumptions made by Rambus’ management. Actual results may differ materially. Rambus’ business generally is subject to a number of risks which are described more fully in Rambus’ periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Rambus undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.

 
                                                                                      Rambus Inc.
                                                                         Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
                                                                                    (In thousands)
                                                                                      (Unaudited)
                                                                                                               
                                                                                       December 31,                                          December 31,
                                                                                                              2017                                                  2016
                                                                                               -------------------------------                        ------------------------------
ASSETS
                                                                                                                                                       
Current assets:
  Cash and cash equivalents                                                                       $ 225,844                                                    $              135,294
  Marketable securities                                                                             103,532                                                                    36,888
  Accounts receivable                                                                                25,892                                                                    21,099
  Prepaids and other current assets                                                                  11,317                                                                    17,867
  Inventories                                                                                         5,159                                                  5,633
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total current assets                                                                            371,744                                                                   216,781
Intangible assets, net                                                                               91,722                                                                   132,388
Goodwill                                                                                            209,661                                                                   204,794
Property, plant and equipment, net                                                                   54,303                                                                    58,442
Deferred tax assets                                                                                 152,651                                                                   168,342
Other assets                                                                                          4,543                                                  2,749
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total assets                                                                                  $ 884,624                                 $              783,496
                                                                                               ==== ======= ====================                      ========== ====================
                                                                                                                                                       
LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                                                                                                                                                       
Current liabilities:
  Accounts payable                                                                                $   9,614                                                    $                9,793
  Accrued salaries and benefits                                                                      17,091                                                                    14,177
  Deferred revenue                                                                                   18,272                                                                    16,932
  Convertible notes, short-term                                                                      78,451                                                            --
  Other accrued liabilities                                                                           9,414                                                 10,399
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total current liabilities                                                                       132,842                                                                    51,301
Long-term liabilities:
  Convertible notes, long-term                                                                      135,447                                                                   126,167
  Long-term imputed financing obligation                                                             37,262                                                                    38,029
  Other long-term liabilities                                                                        14,188                                                 15,217
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total long-term liabilities                                                                     186,897                                                179,413
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
Total stockholders’ equity                                               564,885                                                552,782
                                                                                               ---------------------------------                      --------------------------------
    Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity                         $ 884,624                                 $              783,496
                                                                                               ==== ======= ====================                      ========== ====================
                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                          Rambus Inc.
                                                                                                                        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
                                                                                                                           (In thousands, except per share amounts)
                                                                                                                                          (Unaudited)
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                              Three Months Ended                                                                                                      Year Ended
                                                                                                                    December 31,                                                                                                        December 31,
                                                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2017                                   2016                                                      2017                                   2016
                                                                           -------------------------------------                     -------------------------------------                     -------------------------------------                     -------------------------------------
                                                                            
Revenue:
  Royalties                                                                      $  77,861                                                 $  70,604                                                 $ 289,594                                                 $ 264,614
  Product revenue                                                                    8,543                                                    11,746                                                    36,509                                                    26,052
  Contract and other revenue                                                        15,487                                 15,209                                 66,993                                 45,931  
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
    Total revenue                                                                  101,891                                                    97,559                                                   393,096                                                   336,597
Operating costs and expenses:
  Cost of product revenue (1)                                                        5,901                                                     8,748                                                    23,783                                                    21,329
  Cost of contract and other product revenue                                        12,090                                                    12,622                                                    55,364                                                    45,761
  Research and development (1)                                                      39,417                                                    38,744                                                   149,135                                                   129,844
  Sales, general and administrative (1)                                             28,818                                                    25,466                                                   110,940                                                    95,145
  Impairment of long-lived assets                                           --                                                    18,300                                            --                                                    18,300
  Change in contingent consideration                                        --                                                    (6,845 )                                          --                                                    (6,845 )
  Gain from sale of intellectual property                                              (54 )                                          --                                                      (533 )                                          --
  Gain from settlement                                                      --                         --                         --                                   (579 )
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
    Total operating costs and expenses                                              86,172                                 97,035                                338,689                                302,955  
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Operating income                                                                    15,719                                                       524                                                    54,407                                                    33,642
  Interest income and other income (expense), net                                      893                                                       218                                                     1,384                                                     1,740
  Loss on extinguishment of debt                                                    (1,082 )                                          --                                                    (1,082 )                                          --
  Interest expense                                                                  (3,966 )                                                  (3,248 )                                                 (13,720 )                                                 (12,745 )
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Interest and other income (expense), net                                            (4,155 )                                                  (3,030 )                                                 (13,418 )                                                 (11,005 )
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Income (loss) before income taxes                                                   11,564                                                    (2,506 )                                                  40,989                                                    22,637
Provision for income taxes                                                          43,331                                    939                                 59,450                                 15,817  
                                                                           ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
  Net income (loss)                                                              $ (31,767 )                                               $  (3,445 )                                               $ (18,461 )                                               $   6,820  
                                                                           ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
Net income (loss) per share:
  Basic                                                                          $   (0.29 )                                               $   (0.03 )                                               $   (0.17 )                                               $    0.06  
                                                                           ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
  Diluted                                                                        $   (0.29 )                                               $   (0.03 )                                               $   (0.17 )                                               $    0.06  
                                                                           ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
Weighted average shares used in per share calculation
  Basic                                                                            109,737                                110,788                                110,198                                110,162  
                                                                           ====================================                      ====================================                      ====================================                      ====================================
  Diluted                                                                          109,737                                110,788                                110,198                                113,140  
                                                                           ====================================                      ====================================                      ====================================                      ====================================

_________

(1) Total stock-based compensation expense for the three months and years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 are presented as follows:

                                                                        
                                                                  Three Months Ended                                                        Year Ended
                                                                     December 31,                                                          December 31,
                                                       ----------------------------------                            --------------------------------------------------
                                                          2017                           2016                           2017                                   2016
                                                       ----------                     ----------                     -----------                     ------------------------
Cost of product revenue                                 $    25                        $    14                        $     78                        $                   56
Research and development                                $ 3,137                        $ 2,639                        $ 12,185                        $                9,165
Sales, general and administrative                       $ 4,072                        $ 3,004                        $ 15,140                        $               11,792
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                              Rambus Inc.
                                                                                                                                                        Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results
                                                                                                                                                                            (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                                                              (Unaudited)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                            Three Months Ended                                                                                                                                   Year Ended
                                                                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     December 31,                           September 30,                          December 31,                                              December 31,                           December 31,
                                                                                                         2017                                                      2017                                                      2016                                                      2017                                                      2016
                                                                                         ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------                        ----------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Operating costs and expenses                                                                   $  86,172                                                 $  82,124                                                 $  97,035                                                 $ 338,689                                                 $ 302,955
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                (7,234 )                                                  (6,964 )                                                  (5,657 )                                                 (27,403 )                                                 (21,013 )
  Acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense                                  (30 )                                                     (47 )                                                    (197 )                                                    (248 )                                                  (3,235 )
  Purchase accounting adjustment for inventory fair value step-up                         --                                            --                                                    (1,136 )                                          --                                                    (2,304 )
  Amortization expense                                                                           (10,526 )                                                 (10,498 )                                                 (11,093 )                                                 (41,962 )                                                 (37,138 )
  Impairment of long-lived assets                                                         --                                            --                                                   (18,300 )                                          --                                                   (18,300 )
  Change in contingent consideration                                                      --                         --                                  6,845                         --                                  6,845  
                                                                                         ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses                                                          $  68,382                              $  64,615                              $  67,497                              $ 269,076                              $ 227,810  
                                                                                         ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Operating income                                                                               $  15,719                                                 $  17,010                                                 $     524                                                 $  54,407                                                 $  33,642
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                 7,234                                                     6,964                                                     5,657                                                    27,403                                                    21,013
  Acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense                                   30                                                        47                                                       197                                                       248                                                     3,235
  Purchase accounting adjustment for inventory fair value step-up                         --                                            --                                                     1,136                                            --                                                     2,304
  Amortization expense                                                                            10,526                                                    10,498                                                    11,093                                                    41,962                                                    37,138
  Impairment of long-lived assets                                                         --                                            --                                                    18,300                                            --                                                    18,300
  Change in contingent consideration                                                      --                         --                                 (6,845 )                                          --                                 (6,845 )
                                                                                         ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Non-GAAP operating income                                                                      $  33,509                              $  34,519                              $  30,062                              $ 124,020                              $ 108,787  
                                                                                         ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Income (loss) before income taxes                                                              $  11,564                                                 $  13,931                                                 $  (2,506 )                                               $  40,989                                                 $  22,637
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                 7,234                                                     6,964                                                     5,657                                                    27,403                                                    21,013
  Acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense                                   30                                                        47                                                       197                                                       248                                                     3,235
  Purchase accounting adjustment for inventory fair value step-up                         --                                            --                                                     1,136                                            --                                                     2,304
  Amortization expense                                                                            10,526                                                    10,498                                                    11,093                                                    41,962                                                    37,138
  Impairment of long-lived assets                                                         --                                            --                                                    18,300                                            --                                                    18,300
  Change in contingent consideration                                                      --                                            --                                                    (6,845 )                                          --                                                    (6,845 )
  Loss on extinguishment of debt                                                                   1,082                                            --                                            --                                                     1,082                                            --
  Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes                                                   2,255                                  1,801                                  1,723                                  7,579                                  6,749  
                                                                                         ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Non-GAAP income before income taxes                                                            $  32,691                                                 $  33,241                                                 $  28,755                                                 $ 119,263                                                 $ 104,531
GAAP provision for income taxes                                                                   43,331                                                     6,236                                                       939                                                    59,450                                                    15,817
  Adjustment to GAAP provision for income taxes                                                  (31,889 )                                                   5,398                                  9,125                                (17,708 )                                                  20,769  
                                                                                         ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Non-GAAP provision for income taxes                                                               11,442                                 11,634                                 10,064                                 41,742                                 36,586  
                                                                                         ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------                      ------------------------------------
Non-GAAP net income                                                                            $  21,249                              $  21,607                              $  18,691                              $  77,521                              $  67,945  
                                                                                         ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================                      ======= ======= ====================
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Non-GAAP basic net income per share                                                            $    0.19                                                 $    0.20                                                 $    0.17                                                 $    0.70                                                 $    0.62
Non-GAAP diluted net income per share                                                          $    0.19                                                 $    0.19                                                 $    0.16                                                 $    0.68                                                 $    0.60
Weighted average shares used in non-GAAP per share calculation:
  Basic                                                                                          109,737                                                   109,555                                                   110,788                                                   110,198                                                   110,162
  Diluted                                                                                        114,341                                                   113,119                                                   114,060                                                   113,899                                                   113,140
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                     Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Effective Tax
                                                                                                                                               Rate (1)
                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                    Three Months Ended                                                                                                                 Year Ended
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     December 31,                   September 30,                  December 31,                                      December 31,                     December 31,
                                                                         2017                                              2017                                              2016                                              2017                                                2016
                                                             ---------------------------                       ---------------------------                       ---------------------------                       ---------------------------                       -------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
GAAP effective tax rate                                         375  %                          45  %                         (38 )%                                            145  %                              70  %
  Adjustment to GAAP effective tax rate                        (340 )%                                            (10 )%                                             73  %                        (110 )%                                                (35 )%
                                                             ------ ---------------------                      ------ ---------------------                      ------ ---------------------                      ------ ---------------------                      ---------- ---------------------
Non-GAAP effective tax rate                                      35  %                          35  %                          35  %                          35  %                              35  %
                                                             ====== =====================                      ====== =====================                      ====== =====================                      ====== =====================                      ========== =====================
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
      (1)   For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future
                                                                                        periods that assume net income from operations, the Company
                                                                                        estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 35
                                                                                        percent for both 2017 and 2016, which consists of estimated U.S.
                                                                                        federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with
                                                                                        certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax
                                                                                        asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset
                                                                                        valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax
                                                                                        rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the
                                                                                        relevant year to assist the Company’s planning.
                                                                                         
                                                                                                            Rambus Inc.
                                                                                          Reconciliation of Other GAAP to Non-GAAP Items
                                                                                                (In thousands, except percentages)
                                                                                                            (Unaudited)
                                                                                    
                                                                       GAAP                                                                                               Non-GAAP
                                             ---------------------------------------------------------                     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Three Months Ended                                                                                   Three Months Ended
                                                                   December 31,                                                                                         December 31,
                                             --------------------------------------------------                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    2017                2016                                            2017                                       2016
                                             ------------------                     ------------------                     -------------------------------------                     ---------------------------------------------
Revenue (i)                                        $ 101,891                              $  97,559                              $            101,891                                    $            97,559
Operating income (ii)                                 15,719                                    524                                            33,509                                                 30,062
Operating margin (ii/i)                                   15 %                                    1 %                                              33 %                                                   31 %
                                                                                                                            
                                                                       GAAP                                                                                               Non-GAAP
                                             ---------------------------------------------------------                     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Year Ended                                                                                           Year Ended
                                                                   December 31,                                                                                         December 31,
                                             --------------------------------------------------                            ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    2017                                   2016                                            2017                                                          2016
                                             ------------------                     ------------------                     -------------------------------------                     ---------------------------------------------
Revenue (i)                                        $ 393,096                              $ 336,597                              $            393,096                                    $           336,597
Operating income (ii)                                 54,407                                 33,642                                           124,020                                                108,787
Operating margin (ii/i)                                   14 %                                   10 %                                              32 %                                                   32 %
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                     Three Months Ended
                                                                                                                                                                        December 31,
                                                                                                                           ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                           2017                                                          2016
                                                                                                                           -------------------------------------                     ---------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                      
Net loss                                                                                                                         $ (31,767 )                                             $ (3,445 )
Add back:
  Interest and other income (expense), net                                                                                           4,155                                                  3,030
  Provision for income taxes                                                                                                        43,331                                                    939
  Depreciation expense                                                                                                               3,304                                                  3,577
  Amortization expense                                                                                                              10,526                              11,093  
                                                                                                                           -------------------------------------                     ---------------------------------------------
EBITDA (1)                                                                                                                       $  29,549                                               $ 15,194
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                                                   7,234                                                  5,657
  Acquisition-related transaction costs and retention bonus expense                                                                     30                                                    197
  Purchase accounting adjustment for inventory fair value step-up                                                           --                                                  1,136
  Impairment of long-lived assets                                                                                           --                                                 18,300
  Change in contingent consideration                                                                                        --                              (6,845 )           
                                                                                                                           -------------------------------------                     ----------------------- --------------------
Adjusted EBITDA (2)                                                                                                              $  36,813                            $ 33,639  
                                                                                                                           ======= ======= =====================                     ===== ====== ================================
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
      (1)   EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure that management uses to evaluate the
                                                                                        cash generating capacity of the company. The most directly
                                                                                        comparable GAAP measure is net income (loss). EBITDA is net income
                                                                                        (loss) adjusted for net interest and other income (expense), income
                                                                                        taxes, and depreciation and amortization. It should not be
                                                                                        considered as an alternative to net income computed under GAAP.
                                                               (2)                      Adjusted EBITDA excludes the impact of other non-GAAP adjustments
                                                                                        indicated in the above tables.
                                                                                         
                                                                                    Rambus Inc.
                                                           Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP
                                                                             Forward Looking Estimates
                                                                      (In millions, except per share amounts)
                                                                                    (Unaudited)
                                                                    
2018 First Quarter Outlook under ASC 606                                                                                    Three Months Ended
                                                                                                                              March 31, 2018
                                                                                        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                        Low                                 High
                                                                                        -----------------------------------                     -----------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                 
Forward-looking operating costs and expenses                                                 $   85.5                                                $   81.5
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                               (7.5 )                                                  (7.5 )
  Amortization expense                                                                          (11.0 )                                                 (11.0 )
                                                                                        ----------------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses                                        $   67.0                             $   63.0  
                                                                                        ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                                 
Forward-looking operating loss                                                               $  (44.5 )                                              $  (34.5 )
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                7.5                                                     7.5
  Amortization expense                                                                           11.0                                 11.0  
                                                                                        ----------------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating loss                                                      $  (26.0 )                                              $  (16.0 )
                                                                                        ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                                 
Forward-looking loss before income taxes                                                     $  (48.9 )                                              $  (38.9 )
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                                7.5                                                     7.5
  Amortization expense                                                                           11.0                                                    11.0
  Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes                                                  2.7                                  2.7  
                                                                                        ----------------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP loss before income taxes                                            $  (27.7 )                                              $  (17.7 )
Forward-looking GAAP benefit from income taxes                                                  (11.7 )                                                  (9.3 )
  Adjustment to forward-looking GAAP benefit from income taxes                                    5.1                                  5.1  
                                                                                        ----------------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP benefit from income taxes                                               (6.6 )                                                  (4.2 )
                                                                                        ----------------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP net loss                                                            $  (21.1 )                                              $  (13.5 )
                                                                                        ====== ====== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                                 
Forward-looking Non-GAAP basic net loss per share                                            $  (0.19 )                                              $  (0.12 )
Forward-looking Non-GAAP diluted net loss per share                                          $  (0.19 )                                              $  (0.12 )
Weighted average shares used in forward-looking Non-GAAP per share
calculation:
  Basic                                                                                         110.0                                                   110.0
  Diluted                                                                                       110.0                                                   110.0
                                                                                                                                                               
2018 First Quarter Outlook under ASC 605 (1)                                                          Three Months Ended
                                                                                                                           March 31, 2018
                                                                                        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Low                              High
                                                                                        -----------------------------                     -----------------------------------
                                                                                                                                           
Forward-looking operating costs and expenses                                             $ 85.5                                                $   81.5
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                         (7.5 )                                                  (7.5 )
  Amortization expense                                                                    (11.0 )                                                 (11.0 )
                                                                                        ----------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses                                    $ 67.0                             $   63.0  
                                                                                        == ==== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                           
Forward-looking operating income                                                         $  8.5                                                $   18.5
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                          7.5                                                     7.5
  Amortization expense                                                                     11.0                                 11.0  
                                                                                        ----------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating income                                                $ 27.0                             $   37.0  
                                                                                        == ==== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                           
Forward-looking income before income taxes                                               $  4.1                                                $   14.1
Adjustments:
  Stock-based compensation expense                                                          7.5                                                     7.5
  Amortization expense                                                                     11.0                                                    11.0
  Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes                                            2.7                                  2.7  
                                                                                        ----------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP income before income taxes                                      $ 25.3                                                $   35.3
Forward-looking GAAP provision for income taxes                                             1.0                                                     3.4
  Adjustment to forward-looking GAAP provision for income taxes                             5.1                                  5.1  
                                                                                        ----------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP provision for income taxes                                         6.1                                  8.5  
                                                                                        ----------------------------                      ----------------------------------
Forward-looking Non-GAAP net income                                                      $ 19.2                             $   26.8  
                                                                                        == ==== ====================                      ====== ====== ====================
                                                                                                                                           
Forward-looking Non-GAAP basic net income per share                                      $ 0.17                                                $   0.24
Forward-looking Non-GAAP diluted net income per share                                    $ 0.17                                                $   0.23
Weighted average shares used in forward-looking Non-GAAP per share
calculation:
  Basic                                                                                   110.0                                                   110.0
  Diluted                                                                                 114.4                                                   114.4
(1)   See "2018 First Quarter Outlook" above for an explanation of the
                         presentation of this ASC 605 outlook.

http://cts.businesswire.com/ct/CT?id=bwnews&sty=20180129006151r1&sid=cmtx6&distro=nx&lang=en

View source version on businesswire.com: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180129006151/en/

SOURCE: Rambus Inc.

Rambus Inc. 
Rahul Mathur, 408-462-8000 
Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer 
rmathur@rambus.com


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